173 "Originality does not mean thinking something that was never thought before; it means putting old ideas together in new ways."
174 "Laws should not be rigid or fixed. Instead, they should be flexible enough to take account of various circumstances, times, and places."
175 "It is always an individual who is the impetus for innovation; the details may be worked out by a team, but true innovation results from the enterprise and unique perception of an individual."
176 "The function of science is to reassure; the purpose of art is to upset. Therein lies the value of each."
177 "The study of an academic discipline alters the way we perceive the world. After studying the discipline, we see the same world as before, but with different eyes."
178 "It is possible to pass laws that control or place limits on people s behavior, but legislation cannot reform human nature. Laws cannot change what is in people s hearts and minds."
179 "What most human beings really want to attain is not knowledge, but certainty. Gaining real knowledge requires taking risks and keeping the mind open -- but most people prefer to be reassured rather than to learn the complex and often unsettling truth about anything."
180 "Many problems of modern society cannot be solved by laws and the legal system because moral behavior cannot be legislated."
181 "The way students and scholars interpret the materials they work with in their academic fields is more a matter of personality than of training.
Different interpretations come about when people with different personalities look at exactly the same objects, facts, data, or events and see different things."
182 "It is dangerous to trust only intelligence."
182． 只相信智力是危險的。（Intelligence：The faculty of thought and reason. 故智力－理性相對于直覺－感性，我的理解）
183 "As we acquire more knowledge, things do not become more comprehensible , but more complex and more mysterious."
184 "It is a grave mistake to theorize before one has data."
185 "Scandals -- whether in politics, academia, or other areas -- can be useful. They focus our attention on problems in ways that no speaker or reformer ever could."
186 "Practicality is now our great idol, which all powers and talents must serve. Anything that is not obviously practical has little value in today s world."
187 "It is easy to welcome innovation and accept new ideas. What most people find difficult, however, is accepting the way these new ideas are put into practice."
188 "Success, whether academic or professional, involves an ability to survive in a new environment and, eventually, to change it."
189 "If people disregard the great works of the past, it is because these works no longer answer the needs of the present."
190 "As long as people in a society are hungry or out of work or lack the basic skills needed to survive, the use of public resources to support the arts is inappropriate -- and, perhaps, even cruel -- when one considers all the potential uses of such money."
191 "Education should be equally devoted to enriching the personal lives of students and to training students to be productive workers."
192 "Success in any realm of life comes more often from taking chances or risks than from careful and cautious planning."
193 "It is not the headline-making political events but the seldom-reported social tranformations that have the most lasting significance."
194 "The best preparation for life or a career is not learning to be competitive, but learning to be cooperative."
195 "The goal of politics should not be the pursuit of an ideal, but rather the search for common ground and reasonable consensus."
196 "Technology creates more problems than it solves, and may threaten or damage the quality of life."
197 "The material progress and well-being of one country are necessarily connected to the material progress and well-being of all other countries."
198 "Instead of encouraging conformity, society should show greater appreciation of individual differences."
199 "Truly innovative ideas do not arise from groups of people, but from in dividuals. When groups try to be creative, the members force each other to compromise and, as a result, creative ideas tend to be weakened and made more conventional. Most original ideas arise from individuals working alone."
200 "The most elusive knowledge is self-knowledge, and it is usually acquired through solitude, rather than through interaction with others."
201 "The purpose of education should be to provide students with a value system, a standard, a set of ideas -- not to prepare them for a specific job."
202 "Unlike great thinkers and great artists, the most effective political leaders must often yield to public opinion and abandon principle for the sake of compromise."
203 "The best way to understand the character of a society is to examine the character of the men and women that the society chooses as its heroes or its heroines."
204 "We learn through direct experience; to accept a theory without experie ncing it is to learn nothing at all."
205 "As societies all over the world have more and more access to new infor mation, the effects on life-long learning can only be positive."
206 "People are too quick to take action; instead they should stop to think of the possible consequences of what they might do."
207 "Rituals and ceremonies help define a culture. Without them, societies or groups of people have a diminished sense of who they are."
208 "The way people look, dress, and act reveals their attitudes and interests. You can tell much about a society s ideas and values by observing the appearance and behavior of its people."
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209 "Progress is best made through discussion among people who have contras ting points of view."
210 "Most people choose a career on the basis of such pragmatic considerations as the needs of the economy, the relative ease of finding a job, and the salary they can expect to make. Hardly anyone is free to choose a career based on his or her natural talents or interest in a particular kind of work."
211 "Any decision-whether made by government, by a corporation, or by an in dividual person-must take into account future conditions more than present conditions."
212 "If a goal is worthy, then any means taken to attain it is justifiable. "
213 "Too much emphasis has been placed on the need for students to challenge the assertions of others. In fact, the ability to compromise and work with others -- that is, the ability to achieve social harmony -- should be a major goal in every school."
214 "Society should identify those children who have special talents and abilities and begin training them at an early age so that they can eventually excel in their areas of ability. Otherwise, these talents are likely to remain undeveloped."
215 "The bombardment of visual images in contemporary society has the effect of making people less able to focus clearly and extensively on a single issue over a long period of time."
216 "Most important discoveries or creations are accidental: it is usually while seeking the answer to one question that we come across the answer to another."
217 "In order to produce successful original work, scholars and scientists must first study the successful work of others to learn what contributions remain to be made."
218 "In order for any work of art -- whether film, literature, sculpture,or a song -- to have merit, it must be understandable to most people." 218． 藝術作品要有價值，不管是電影、文學還是歌曲，都必須讓大多數人能夠理解。
219 "Now that computer technology has made possible the rapid accessing of large amounts of factual information, people are less likely than ever to think deeply or originally. They feel unable to compete with -- much less contribute to -- the quantity of information that is now available electronically."
220 "The increase in knowledge is forcing people to specialize. As a result , the distance between fields of specialization has become so vast that specialists in different areas are rarely able to influence each other."
221 "The chief benefit of the study of history is to break down the illusion that people in one period of time are significantly different from people who lived at any other time in history."
222 "Learning for learning s sake is an outdated concept. Today, education must serve an ulterior purpose and be directed toward clear goals."
223 "Education is primarily a personal matter; it has little to do with school or college."
224. "Censorship is rarely, if ever, justified."
225. "People often look for similarities, even between very different things , and even when it is unhelpful or harmful to do so. Instead, a thing should be considered on its own terms; we should avoid the tendency to compare it to something else."
226 "People are mistaken when they assume that the problems they confront are more complex and challenging than the problems faced by their predecessors. This illusion is eventually dispelled with increased knowledge and experience."
227 "To remain vigorous, any academic field needs to be led by truly independent thinkers who are willing to ignore established boundaries and challenge long-standing assumptions."
228 "The best way to teach -- whether as an educator, employer, or parent -- is to praise positive actions and ignore negative ones."
229 "The best way to learn a new subject or skill is to study small segments or details in great depth rather than to start by trying to develop asense of the whole."
230 "College students -- and people in general -- prefer to follow directions rather than make their own decisions. Therefore, colleges should eliminate as many choices as possible in order to offer students clear direction."
231 " Moderation in all things is ill-considered advice. Rather, one should say, Moderation in most things, since many areas of human concern require or at least profit from intense focus."
232 "The purpose of education should be to create an academic environment that is separate from the outside world. This kind of environment is ideal because it allows students to focus on important ideas without being held back by practical concerns."
233 "Although innovations such as video, computers, and the Internet seem to offer schools improved methods for instructing students, these technologies all too often distract from real learning."
234．"Most people prefer restrictions and regulations to absolute freedom of choice, although they would probably deny such a preference."
235．"Most people are taught that loyalty is a virtue. But loyalty—whether to one s friends, to one s school or place of employment, or to any institution —is all too often a destructive rather than a positive force."
236．"Encouraging young people to believe that they can accomplish great things
if they try hard enough is both misleading and potentially harmful."
237．"Computers and video technology can make facsimiles of original works such as paintings and historical documents available to everyone. The great advantage of this new technology is that it will enable anyone—not just scholars—to conduct in-depth research without having access to the original works."
238．"Conformity almost always leads to a deadening of individual creativity and energy."
239．"Much of the information that people assume is factual actually turns out to be inaccurate. Thus, any piece of information referred to as a fact should be mistrusted since it may well be proven false in the future."
240．"Although it is easy to respond positively to the work of another person or group, it is far more worthwhile to give negative feedback."
241．"An individual s greatness cannot be judged objectively by his or her contemporaries; the most objective evaluators of a person s greatness are people who belong to a later time."
242. "Societies should try to save every plant and animal species, regardless of
the expense to humans in effort, time, and financial well-being."
243．"The true value of a civilization is reflected in its artistic creations rather than in its scientific accomplishments."
244 "Most societies do not take their greatest thinkers seriously, even when they claim to admire them."
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