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101-172題中文翻譯新版           ★★★★
101-172題中文翻譯新版
作者:未知 文章來源:互聯網 更新時間:2008-08-28 16:54:05
    資料提示: 以下是101-244題的中文翻譯新版,(1-100已發表)借鑒了pleased SeizeMoon等對題目的翻譯,更正了其中一些不確切和模糊的翻譯,我的體會是翻譯與填空的解題原則一樣,論題中有的詞有多個意思,應關注其上下文兩句話的對比關系,而且只...

以下是101-244題的中文翻譯新版,(1-100已發表)借鑒了pleased SeizeMoon等對題目的翻譯,更正了其中一些不確切和模糊的翻譯,我的體會是翻譯與填空的解題原則一樣,論題中有的詞有多個意思,應關注其上下文兩句話的對比關系,而且只有這樣,作文才能扣題。

一直希望回饋寄托聯盟其他網友的工作,因為做過一段時間的翻譯,故翻譯了這些題目,并希望與我探討。

101 "Governments should provide funding for artists so that the arts can flourish and be available to all people."
101. 政府應資助藝術家,促進藝術繁榮,以便人們都能接觸到藝術。
102 "For better or worse, education is a process that involves revising the ideas, beliefs, and values people held in the past."
102. 不論好壞,教育改變了人們以前的想法、信念和價值觀。
103 "The study of history has value only to the extent that it is relevant to our daily lives."
103. 研究歷史的價值只體現在這種研究和我們的日常生活相關時。
104 "It is primarily through formal education that a culture tries to perpe tuate the ideas it favors and discredit the ideas it fears."
104. 一種文化要想保留它認為好的思想,消除它認為不好的思想,主要是通過正規的教育。
105 "The true strength of a country is best demonstrated by the willingness of its government to tolerate challenges from it s own citizens."
105. 當政府愿意接受來自其公民的質疑時,才表明這個國家真正的強大。
106 "All students should be required to take at least one course in ethics,even if taking the course means a decreased emphasis on academic subjects."
106. 學生們應該被要求至少學習一種道德規范課程,即使這樣會影響學術課程的學習。
107 "Instant communication systems encourage people to form hasty opinions and give quick replies rather than take the time to develop thoughtful,well-reasoned points of view."
107. 實時通信系統促使人們匆忙決定并快速作出回應,而不是花時間得出一個仔細思考過、合情合理的觀點。
108 "In many countries it is now possible to turn on the television and vie w government at work. Watching these proceedings can help people understand the issues that affect their lives. The more kinds of government proceedings-- trials, debates, meetings, etc -- that are televised, the more society will benefit."
108. 在很多國家,從電視上看到政府人員辦公的場景已是可能。觀看這些過程有助于人們理解影響他們生活的問題。政府辦公如審判、辯論、會議等的各個場景,轉播得越多,對社會越有益。
109 "The purpose of many advertisements is to make consumers want to buy a product so that they will be like the person in the ad. This practice is effective because it not only sells products but also helps people feel better about themselves."
109. 很多廣告的目的是要讓消費者因為擁有產品后“像”廣告中的人物而購買某種產品,這樣的廣告是有效的,因為這樣既銷售了產品,又讓人們自我感覺良好。
110 "When we concern ourselves with the study of history, we become storyte llers. Because we can never know the past directly but must construct it by interpreting evidence, exploring history is more of a creative enterprise than it is an objective pursuit. All historians are storytellers."
110. 當我們研究歷史時,我們變成了講故事的人。因為我們無從直接知道過去發生的事情,必須通過一些證據來構建,所以歷史研究是一個有創造成分的領域,而并非一個客觀的學科。所有的歷史學家都是講故事的人(storyteller)。
111 "The worldwide distribution of television programs and advertisements is seriously diminishing the differences among cultures."
111. 全球性電視節目和廣告極大地減少了各種文化之間的差異。
112 "Some educational systems emphasize the development of students capacity for reasoning and logical thinking, but students would benefit more from an education that also taught them to explore their own emotions."
112. 一些教育機構強調培養學生的推理和邏輯思考能力,但是如果也教會學生認知自我的情感,學生們將受益更多。
113 "It is primarily through our identification with social groups that we define ourselves."
113. 定位自己,主要是通過定位自己所處的社會團體。
114 "Humanity has made little real progress over the past century or so. Technological innovations have taken place, but the overall condition of humanity is no better. War, violence, and poverty are still with us. Technology cannot change the condition of humanity."
114. 人道主義在上個世紀并沒有真正的發展。科技發展,但是人道主義的整體面貌并沒有得到改善。戰爭、暴力、貧窮一直困擾著我們。科技不能改變人道主義狀況。
115 "It is through the use of logic and of precise, careful measurement that we become aware of our progress. Without such tools, we have no reference points to indicate how far we have advanced or retreated."
115. 通過邏輯思維和精確的測量手段才能獲知我們的進步。沒有這些工具,就沒有參考點來標明我們進步了多少,退步了多少。
116 "With the growth of global networks in such areas as economics and communication, there is no doubt that every aspect of society -- including education, politics, the arts, and the sciences -- will benefit greatly from international influences."
116. 隨著經濟和通訊等領域的全球化,毫無疑問,社會的方方面面,包括教育、政治、藝術和科學,都將從這種國際化影響中獲益非淺。
117 "The depth of knowledge to be gained from books is richer and broader than what can be learned from direct experience."
117. 從書本中所學的知識要比從直接的實踐中學到的更豐富、更廣博。
118 "In any field of endeavor -- the sciences, the humanities, the social sciences, industry, etc. -- it is not the attainment of a goal that matters, but rather the ideas and discoveries that are encountered on the way to the goal."
118. 在任何領域如科學、人文、社會科學、工業等,我們最大的收獲在于達成目標的道路上的經驗和發現,而不是獲取目標本身。
119 "When research priorities are being set for science, education, or any other area, the most important question to consider is: How many people s lives will be improved if the results are successful?"
119. 為科學、教育或其他任何領域設定研究優先級時,最需要考慮的問題是:如果研究成功,多少人將從中受益?
120 "So much is new and complex today that looking back for an understandin g of the past provides little guidance for living in the present."
120. 現代生活是嶄新、復雜的,認知過去對現在沒有指導價值。
121 "At various times in the geological past, many species have become extinct as a result of natural, rather than human, processes. Thus, there is no justification for society to make extraordinary efforts, especially at a great cost in money and jobs, to save endangered species."
121. 在過去不同的地質時期,很多物種的滅絕都是自然因素造成,而并非人類行為。所以,社會沒有理由花費很大的人力物力去拯救瀕臨滅絕的物種。
122 "We owe almost all our knowledge not to people who have agreed, but to people who have disagreed."
122. 幾乎所有的知識都歸功于和我們意見不同的人,而并非和我們意見一致的人。
123 "It is possible to identify a person s politics within a very short time of meeting him or her. Everything about people -- their clothes, their friends, the way they talk, what they eat -- reflects their political beliefs."
123. 和一個人相處很短的時間就有可能知道他的政治立場。所有與他們相關的如衣服、朋友、談話的方式、所吃的食物都反映出他們的政治信仰。
124 "Instant foods, instant communication, faster transportation-all of the se recent developmentsare designed to save time. Ironically, though, instead of making more leisure time available, these developments have contributed to a pace of human affairs that is more rushed and more frantic than ever before."
124. 快餐、實時通訊、高速運輸,所有這些最新發展都是為了節省人們的時間。但具有諷刺意味的是,這些進步非但沒有給人們帶來更多的閑暇時間,反而讓人們的生活節奏越來越忙亂。
125 "The past is no predictor of the future."
125. 過去并不能預示將來。
126 "Society s external rewards are no measure of true success. True succes s can be measured only in relation to the goals one sets for oneself."
126. 社會所給予的外部獎勵不是成功的真正衡量標準。真正的成功只能通過自己所設立的目標來衡量。
127 "Facts are stubborn things. They cannot be altered by our wishes, our inclinations, or the dictates of our passions."
127. 事實是不容改變的。它不會由于我們的希望、傾向或個人意志而改變。
128 "It is often asserted that the purpose of education is to free the mind and the spirit. In reality, however, formal education tends to restrain our minds and spirits rather than set them free."
128. 人們經常說教育的目的是釋放人們的心靈。但實際上,正規的教育卻傾向于束縛而非釋放了人們的心靈。
129 "Technology is a necessary but not always a positive force in modern life."
129. 科技對現代生活是必須的,但并非任何時候都能起到積極的作用。
130 "How children are socialized today determines the destiny of society. Unfortunately, we have not yet learned how to raise children who can help bring about a better society."
130. 孩子融入社會的能力決定了社會的命運。遺憾的是,我們還不知道怎樣培養孩子使他們對社會有益。
131 "The arts (painting, music, literature, etc.) reveal the otherwise hidden ideas and impulses of a society."
131.藝術(繪畫、音樂、文學等)展現了那些隱藏的觀點和社會的脈動。
132 "The university community consists of three different worlds -- the sciences, the humanities, and the social sciences. Because each world operateson its own assumptions and has its own special habits of thinking, rarely is there meaningful interaction among the sciences, the humanities, and the social sciences."
132. 大學包含三種不同的領域:科學、人文和社會科學。因為每種領域都有自己的設定和特殊的思維習慣,所以三者之間很少存在有意義的互動。
133 "The problems of modern society have led many people to complain: We live in terrible times. Yet, given the choice, no one today would prefer to live in any other time."
133. 現代社會中的問題使很多人抱怨:“我們生活在一個糟糕的年代。”但如果讓他們來選擇,沒有人會愿意過以往的生活。
134 "Students should be encouraged to realize that mental agility and rheto rical skill must be accompanied by sincerity and the true conviction of their own beliefs."
134. 必須鼓勵學生們意識到:機智和修辭技巧必須以真誠和真正的信仰為基礎。
135 "While most of the environmental problems we face result from the use of technology, society must depend upon technology to find solutions to these problems."
135. 雖然我們面臨的大多數環境問題都來源于科技的應用,我們應該依靠科技本身來尋找這些問題的解決方案。
136 "The absence of choice is a circumstance that is very, very rare."
136. 沒有選擇的情形非常少見。
137 "What we call progress is a matter of exchanging one problem for another."
137. 我們所謂的進步只不過是把一個問題轉化成了另一個問題。
138 "Only through mistakes can there be discovery or progress."
138. 不犯錯誤就不會有發現和進步。
139 "Every new generation needs to redefine right and wrong in its own terms and according to the conditions of its own time."
139. 每一代人都需要根據自己所處的時代情形重新定義“對”與“錯”的概念。
140 "What society has thought to be its greatest social, political, and individual achievements have often resulted in the greatest discontent."
140. 社會認為最大的社會成就、政治成就和個人成就往往招致極大的不滿。
141 "Most people recognize the benefits of individuality, but the fact is that personal economic success requires conformity."
141. 大多數人只意識到個性化的益處,但實際上個人的經濟成功需要一致性。
142 "The well-being of a society is enhanced when many of its people question authority."
142. 當許多公民質疑權威的時候,社會才能更富強。
143 "Artists should pay little attention to their critics. *Criticism tendsto undermine and constrain the artist s creativity." *those who evaluate works of art, such as novels, films, music, paintings, etc.
143. 藝術家應該對給予他們的批評毫不理會。批評家總是削弱和限制藝術家的創造力 。
*評價藝術作品,例如小說、電影、音樂、繪畫等的人。
144 "It is the artist, not the critic,* who gives society something of lasting value." *a person who evaluates works of art, such as novels, films, music, paintings, etc.
144. 是藝術家而不是批評家,帶給社會一些具有持久價值的東西。
*批評家指經常評價藝術作品 ,例如小說、電影、音樂、繪畫等的人。
145 "A crucial test of character is whether one is able to adapt to changing social conventions without sacrificing one s principles."
145. 性格測試最關鍵的一點就是看一個人能否在不犧牲個人原則的基礎上適應變化的社會習俗。
146 "People who are the most deeply committed to an idea or policy are the most critical of it."
146. 對某思想或策略最執著的人往往對其最挑剔。
147 "Tradition and modernization are incompatible. One must choose between them."
147. 傳統和現代不相容。人們必須在二者之間做出選擇。
148 "Many people admire idealism, but it usually leads to disappointment or trouble."
148. 許多人崇尚理想主義,但它往往帶來失望或煩惱。
149 "The most practical and effective way to protect wilderness areas is to attract more tourists to these areas through environmentally sensitive projects."
149. 保護野生環境最實際有效的方法就是通過環保項目吸引更多的觀光客到那些地方去。
150 "Because of television and worldwide computer connections, people can now become familiar with a great many places that they have never visited. As a result, tourism will soon become obsolete."
150. 通過電視和世界聯網的計算機,人們得以了解很多他們沒有去過的地方。所以,旅游業會越來越不景氣。
151 "High-speed electronic communications media, such as electronic mail an d television, tend to prevent meaningful and thoughtful communication."
151. 高速的電子通訊媒介,如電子郵件和電視,阻止了人們有思想、有意義的交流。
152 "The only responsibility of corporate executives, provided they stay within the law, is to make as much money as possible for their companies."
152. 對于公司的執行官,他們唯一的任務就是在法律允許的范圍內,為公司賺取盡可能多的金錢。
153 "Students should bring a certain skepticism to whatever they study. They should question what they are taught instead of accepting it passively."
153. 學生們應該帶著一定的懷疑態度對待所學的任何東西。他們應該質疑老師教給他們的東西,而不是被動地接受。
154 "Both parents and communities must be involved in the local schools. Education is too important to leave solely to a group of professional educators."
154. 家長和社會都應該參與到當地的學校中來。教育太重要了,不能只靠專業教育者。
155 "Contemporary society offers so many waysof learning that reading books is no longer very important."
155. 當代社會提供了很多學習的途徑,讀書這種學習方式已經不是很重要了。
156 "Choice is an illusion. In reality, our lives are controlled by the society in which we live."
156. 選擇只是幻想。實際上,每個人的生活都是由所在的社會決定的。
157 "There is no such thing as purely objective observation. All observation is subjective; it is always guided by the observer s expectations or desires."
157. 沒有哪件事情是完全客觀觀察的結果。所有的觀察都是主觀的,通常由觀察者的期望和意愿所導引。
158 The arts (music, dance, visual arts, etc.) are vitally important to students education and should therefore receive as much emphasis as mathematics, science, reading and other mainstream subjects."
158. 藝術(音樂、舞蹈、視覺藝術等)對學生的教育非常重要的,因此它們應該得到和數學、科學、閱讀以及其他主流課程一樣的重視。
159 "The human mind will always be superior to machines because machines are only tools of human minds."
159. 人類思維總是勝過機器,因為機器只不過是人類思維的工具而已。
160 "The most essential quality of an effective leader is the ability to remain consistently committed to particular principles and objectives. Any leader who is quickly and easily influenced by shifts in popular opinion will accomplish little."
160. 有效力的領導者最本質的品質就是對特定原則和目標的堅持。任何領導者,如果他很容易受到流行觀點的影響,那他就一事無成。
161 "In this age of intensive media coverage, it is no longer possible for a society to regard any woman or man as a hero. The reputation of anyone who is subjected to media scrutiny will eventually be diminished."
161. 在媒體鋪天蓋地的年代,不可能樹立英雄。任何人在媒體的“審視”下都會名聲掃地。
162 "One often hears about the need for individuals to take responsibility for their own lives. However, the conditions in which people find themselves have been largely established long before people become aware of them. Thus, the concept of personal responsibility is much more complicated and unrealistic than is often assumed."
162. 我們經常聽到個人需要為自己的生活負責任。但是在人們認識到自己所處的情形之前,這些情形很大程度上已確定。所以個人責任要比通常認為的要復雜和不切實際的得多。
163 "Most people live, whether physically or morally, in a very restricted circle. They make use of a verylimited portion of the resources available to them until they face a great problem or crisis."
163. 大多數人,不管是肉體上還是精神上,都局限于有限的范圍內。直到他們遇到重大問題或危機的時候,才會發現自己只不過利用了可用資源很有限的一部分而已。
164 "Sometimes imagination is a more valuable asset than experience. People who lack experience are free to imagine what is possible and thus can appro ach a task without constraints of established habits and attitudes."
164. 想象力有時比經驗更有價值。缺乏實際經驗的人對可能性有更自由的想象空間,所以能夠不受固有的習慣和思維的限制來完成任務。
165 "In any given field, the leading voices come from people who are motiva ted not by conviction but by the desire to present opinions and ideas that differ from those held by the majority."
165. 在任何領域,最主要的聲音來自于這些人,他們并不是由信念驅動,而是由希望表達和大多數人相異的觀點和想法的意愿所驅動。
166 "Over the past century, the most significant contribution of technology has been to make people s lives more comfortable."
166. 上個世紀,科技的最大貢獻在于使人們的生活更舒適。
167 "It is impossible for an effective political leader to tell the truth a ll the time. Complete honesty is not a useful virtue for a politician."
167. 有效力的政治領導者在任何時候都告訴真相是不可能的。對于政治家來說,太坦白不是美德。
168 "Critical judgment of work in any given field has little value unless it comes from someone who is an expert in that field."
168. 在任何領域,只有該領域專家做出的評判才是有價值的。
169 "Those who treat politics and morality as though they were separate realms fail to understand either the one or the other."
169. 認為政治和道德是兩碼事的人既不懂政治又不懂道德。
170 "The surest indicator of a great nation is not the achievements of its rulers, artists, or scientists, but the general welfare of all its people."
170. 偉大國家最可靠的標志不是其統治者、藝術家或者科學家的成就,而是全體人民的福利。
171 "People who pursue their own intellectual interests for purely personal reasons are more likely to benefit the rest of the world than are people who try to act for the public good."
171. 那些純粹出于個人原因追求自己學術興趣的人,相比出于公眾利益努力的人,更有可能造福他人。
172 "Important truths begin as outrageous, or at least uncomfortable, attacks upon the accepted wisdom of the timelimited portion of the resources available to them until they face a great problem or crisis."
172. 真正的真理開始都是可憎的,或至少是令人不舒服的,和那個時代業已形成的至理名言相抵觸。

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