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九九專八考試真題聽寫及答案、原文
作者:未知 文章來源:互聯網 更新時間:2008-08-29 18:34:49
    資料提示:SECTION D NOTE-TAKING AND GAP-FILLINGFill in each of the gaps with ONE word. You may refer to your notes. Make sure the word...

SECTION D NOTE-TAKING AND GAP-FILLING
Fill in each of the gaps with ONE word. You may refer to your notes. Make sure the word you fill in is both grammatically and semantically acceptable.

At present companies and industries like to sponsor sports events. Two reasons are put forward to explain this phenomenon. The first reason is that they get (1)___ throughout the world. The second reason is that companies and industries(2)___ money, as they get reductions in the tax they owe if they sponsor sports or arts activities. As sponsorship is (3)___, careful thinking is required in deciding which events to sponsor. It is important that the event to be sponsored(4)___ the product(s) to be promoted. That is, the right(5)___ and maximum product coverage must be guaranteed in the event. Points to be considered in sports sponsorship. Popularity of the event International sports events are big(6)___ events, which get extensive coverage on TV and in the press. Smaller events attract fewer people. Identification of the potential audience Aiming at the right audience is most important for smaller events.

The right audience would attract manufacturers of other related products like(7)___ , etc.  Advantages of sponsorship. Advantages are longer-term. People are expected to respond (8)___ to the products promoted. And be more likely to buy them. Advertising is (9)___ the mind.  Sponsorship is better than straight advertising: a)less(10) ___ b)tax-free.

參考答案及詳細解釋:
SECTION D NOTE-TAKING AND GAP-FILLING
1.答案:known 
【詳細解答】在談到公司贊助體育時,第一個理由是"The obvious answer is that they get known worldwide,..."故此空應填"known"。
2.答案:save 
【詳細解答】公司贊助體育的第二個理由是"The not so obvious answer is that sponsors hip can help firms to save money."即幫助公司省錢(save money)。
3.答案:expensive / costly 
【詳細解答】由錄音中的句子"However, sponsorship is surely a very expensive business."可知,贊助體育活動的代價是非常昂貴的,故此處應填寫expensive或costly。
4.答案:match
【詳細解答】由錄音"Companies spend a lot of time making sure that they have a perfect match between the products to be represented and the activity that needs sponsorship."可知,公司的產品必須與運動項目相吻合(match)。
5.答案:image
【詳細解答】只要聽清了關鍵句"Basically, companies have to make sure that the image is right and that the product gets maximum coverage through the event."就可知道,此處應填寫image。
6.答案:media 
【詳細解答】有錄音"There are the big media events: hours and hours of TV and..."可知,這里指的是大的媒體活動。
7.答案: cosmetics / drinks
【詳細解答】在談到觀眾的潛在購買力時,錄音中舉例說"That should attract drinks manufactures, sports fashion designers, cosmetics producers, and so on."由于受products一詞的限制,此處可填寫cosmetics或drinks。
8.答案:favorably 
【詳細解答】由錄音"...yet will react favorably if asked to comment on products marketed by the sponsoring company."可知,此處應填寫favorably。
9.答案:conditioning
【詳細解答】由錄音"Conditioning the mind is what advertising is about."可直接填寫conditioning。
10.答案:expensive
【詳細解答】錄音臨近結尾時說"...straight advertising is a far more expensive way of promoting your image than sponsorship,..."由此可知,公司贊助體育比直接做廣告要省錢(less expensive)。

聽力原文:
It is common nowadays for companies and industries to sponsor big sports events. For example, many companies sponsored the 8th National Games held in Shanghai in 1997. Then, what exactly do companies and industries get out of sponsoring big sports events, such as international games? And why need they do so?

There is an obvious answer and a not so obvious one. The obvious answer is that they get known worldwide, particularly if they are the principal sponsor of an event. This is especially important when you consider the number of countries around the world that might show the event on TV. The not so obvious answer is that sponsorship can help firms to save money.

Then how can they save money in this way? Companies can claim expenditures on sponsorship or "support to sport and the arts" against the amount of tax that they owe. So, if they are going to have to pay tax anyway, why not spend the money on promoting their name or product?

However, sponsorship is surely a very expensive business. So, how does one decide which events or activities to support? Companies spend a lot of time making sure that they have a perfect match between the products to be represented and the activity that needs sponsorship. Basically, companies have to make sure that the image is right and that the product gets maximum coverage through the event. I mean, you wouldn't expect a company whose product has a young international image to sponsor a sport that has a following among older people. There are all sorts of reasons behind sponsorship. That's what the game's about for those who are trying to sell it.

There are some important points to consider before agreeing to sponsor an event. First and foremost, I suppose, is the popularity of the event in go-between,I mean. Events like the World Cup and the Olympics have businesses queuing up to offer sponsorship. There are the big media event: hours and hours of TV and satellite coverage guaranteed all over the world, as well as press coverage and the possibility of photographs that in some way advertise your product. Most events aren't quite like that though. I suppose you've got the national games every four years in China. But most events appeal to only a limited proportion of the potential audience-tennis, for example. Most of the audience there is young, so products for the young are the ones that you would associate with the event recently. Then how do you match up the product with the event? The most important thing with the smaller event is to identify the audience it's going to appeal to in this instance, tennis and young people. That should attract drinks manufactures, sports fashion designers, cosmetics producers, and so on. Then you look at the potential coverage in the media. It's the sort of event that might attract Coca-Cola or Pepsi maybe even McDonalds.

In sponsoring sports events, it is not just the media coverage that matters. The important question is whether the people who've either been to the event or read about it in the press will be more likely to buy your product as a result. A lot of the advantages of investment in sponsorship are longer-term. People who have possibly read about or watched an event on TV may not even be able to tell you who was sponsoring the event, yet will react favorably if asked to comment on products marketed by the sponsoring company. They have been conditioned in some way. Conditioning the mind is what advertising is about. Believe it or not , straight advertising is a far more expensive way of promoting your image than sponsorship, and what's more, sponsorship is mostly tax-free.

To sum up, today we have talked about sponsorship of sports events by companies: the reasons behind and a few related points. I hope this will help you gain some insight into the issue.

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