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英語專業八級考試翻譯試題連載-1           ★★★★
英語專業八級考試翻譯試題連載-1
作者:未知 文章來源:互聯網 更新時間:2008-08-29 18:38:01
    資料提示:(原 文)   近讀報紙,對國內名片和請柬的議論頗多,于是想起客居巴黎時經常見到的法國人手中的名片和請柬,隨筆記下來,似乎不無借鑒之處。   在巴黎,名目繁多的酒會、冷餐會是廣交朋友的好機會。在這種場合陌生人相識,如果是亞洲人,他們往往開口之前先畢...

(原 文)
  近讀報紙,對國內名片和請柬的議論頗多,于是想起客居巴黎時經常見到的法國人手中的名片和請柬,隨筆記下來,似乎不無借鑒之處。

  在巴黎,名目繁多的酒會、冷餐會是廣交朋友的好機會。在這種場合陌生人相識,如果是亞洲人,他們往往開口之前先畢恭畢敬地用雙手把自己的名片呈遞給對方,這好像是不可缺少的禮節。然而,法國人一般卻都不大主動遞送名片,雙方見面寒喧幾句甚至海闊天空地聊一番也就各自走開。只有當雙方談話投機,希望繼續交往時,才會主動掏出名片。二話不說先遞名片反倒有些勉強。

  法國人的名片講究樸素大方,印制精美,但很少有鑲金邊兒的,閃光多色的或帶香味兒的,名片上的字體纖細秀麗,本人的名字也不過分突出,整張紙片上空白很大,毫無擁擠不堪的感覺。

(參考譯文)
  In reading recent newspapers, I have come to find that people in China have become more and more interested in discussing about name cards and invitation letters. This has triggered my reminiscences of the name cards and invitation letters of the French people that I saw when I was residing in Paris. In writing down those random reminiscences, I believe that they might provide some useful information for us to learn from.

  In Paris, all the wine parties and buffet receptions held on various occasions provide optimum opportunities to make friends with all varieties of people. When encountering a stranger on such an occasion, an Asian would invariably hand over his name card to the newly-met stranger with full reverence, with both of his hands, even before he starts to converse with the stranger. Such an act seems to have become an indispensable ritual (formality/ etiquette). By contrast, an average Frenchman seldom takes the initiative to (offers to / volunteers to) present his name card. Instead, he would simply walk away after an exchange of routine greetings or even some aimless (random/ casual) chat. Only when both sides become deeply engrossed (engaged / involved) in their conversation and have the intention to make further acquaintance with each other would they offer to give their name cards. It would seem somehow bizarre if a French person offers his name card without saying anything to the stranger in the first place.

  The French tend to take extraordinary precaution to make their name cards simple yet elegant. Exquisitely designed and printed, their name cards are seldom golden-framed, or colorfully shiny, or tinted with fragrant smells. The letters as appear on their name cards tend to be diminutive but beautiful, not allowing the name of the card-bearer to be overly prominent/salient. The entire card contains much empty space, imparting no sense of over-crowdedness.


2、(原 文)
  Four months before the election day, five men gathered in a small conference room at the Reagan-Bush headquarters and reviewed an oversize calendar that marked the remaining days of the 1984 presidential campaign. It was the last Saturday in June and at ten o’clock in the morning the rest of the office was practically deserted. Even so, the men kept the door shut and the drapes carefully drawn. The three principals and their two deputies had come from around the country for a critical meeting. Their aim was to devise a strategy that would guarantee Ronald Reagan’s resounding reelection to a second term in the White House.

  It should have been easy. These were battle-tested veterans with long ties to Reagan and even longer ones to the Republican party, men who understood presidential politics as well as any in the country. The backdrop of the campaign was hospitable, with lots of good news to work with: America was at peace, and the nation’s economy, a key factor in any election, was rebounding vigorously after recession. Furthermore, the campaign itself was lavishly financed, with plenty of money for a topflight staff, travel, and television commercials. And, most important, their candidate was Ronald Reagan, a president of tremendous personal popularity and dazzling communication skills. Reagan has succeeded more than any president since John. F. Kennedy in projecting a broad vision of America -a nation of renewed military strength, individual initiative, and smaller federal government.

(參考譯文)
  在離選舉日還有四個月的時間,有五個人聚集在里根-布什總部的一個小型會議室里,翻著看一張碩大無比的日歷,日歷上清晰地標識出了1984年總統競選剩下的日子。這是六月份的最后一個星期六的上午10時,整幢辦公樓的其他部分幾近人去樓空。即便如此,這幾個人仍將大門緊閉,小心翼翼地拉下窗簾。三個主要人物及其二個副手從美國的不同地方匯聚在一起,召開一個殊為重要的會議。他們的目標是構思出一種策略,來確保里根能再次當選,在第二任期內再度入主白宮。

  要謀求再次當選理應輕而易舉。這是一些久經沙場的退伍老兵,與里根有著千絲萬縷的漫長聯系,與共和黨的聯系甚至更為久遠。這些人深諳總統政治,一如他們熟知這個國家中的所有政治事務那樣。競選的背景十分宜人,可供大做文章的好消息俯拾皆是:美國正置身于太平盛世之中;作為選舉的一個關鍵因素,整個國家的經濟在步出蕭條期之后正強勁反彈。此外,競選本身所籌得的款項更是不計其數。用于支付一流水平的競爭班子工作人員工資、進行巡回造勢、以及制作播放電視廣告的錢款綽綽有余。最為重要的是,他們所推介的總統候選人是羅納爾德· 里根(Ronald Reagan),一位風度翩翩,魅力無窮,又極具迷人溝通技巧的執政總統。與約翰·F·肯尼迪(John F. Kennedy)以來的任何一位歷屆總統相比,里根更成功地勾勒出了一幅廣闊的關于美國未來的前景--美國將成了一個重振軍事雄風、民眾富于個人進取心、聯邦政府更加精簡高效的國家。


3、(原 文)
  來美國求學的中國學生與其他亞裔學生一樣,大多非常刻苦勤奮,周末也往往會抽出一天甚至兩天的時間去實驗室加班,因而比起美國學生來,成果出得較多。我的導師是亞裔人,嗜煙好酒,脾氣暴躁。但他十分欣賞亞裔學生勤奮與扎實的基礎知識,也特別了解亞裔學生的心理。因此,在他實驗室所招的學生中,除有一名來自德國外,其余5位均是亞裔學生。他干脆在實驗室的門上貼一醒目招牌:"本室助研必須每周工作7天,早10時至晚12時,工作時間必須全力以赴。"這位導師的嚴格及苛刻是全校有名的,在我所呆的3年半中,共有14位學生被招進他的實驗室,最后博士畢業的只剩下5人。1990年夏天,我不顧別人勸阻,硬著頭皮接受了導師的資助,從此開始了艱難的求學旅程。 

  (參考譯文)Like students from other Asian countries and regions, most Chinese students who come to pursue further education in the United States work on their studies most diligently and assiduously. Even on weekends, they would frequently spend one day, or even two days, to work overtime in their laboratories. Therefore, compared with their American counterparts, they are more academically fruitful. 

  My supervisor ( advisor / tutor) is of Asian origin who is addicted to alcohols and cigarettes, with a sharp (an irritable) temper. Nevertheless, he highly appreciates the industry and the solid foundational knowledge of Asian students and has a particularly keen insight into the psychology of Asian students. Hence, of all the students recruited by his laboratory, except for one German, the rest five were all from Asia. He even put a striking notice on the door of his lab, which read, "All the research assistants of this laboratory are required to work 7 days a week, from 10 AM to 12 PM. Nothing but work during the working hours." This supervisor is reputed on the entire campus for his severity and harshness. In the course of the 3 and half years that I stayed there, a total of 14 students were recruited into his laboratory and only 5 of them stayed on until they graduated with their Ph. D. degrees.
In the summer of 1990, ignoring the remonstrations (admonishments / dissuasions) from others, I accepted my supervisor’s sponsorship and embarked on the difficult journey of academic pursuit (undertaking further studies in the United States).

4、(原 文)
  Opera is expensive: that much is inevitable. But expensive things are not inevitably the province of the rich unless we abdicate society’s power of choice. We can choose to make opera, and other expensive forms of culture, accessible to those who cannot individually pay for it. The question is: why should we? Nobody denies the imperatives of food, shelter, defense, health and education. But even in a prehistoric cave, mankind stretched out a hand not just to eat, drink or fight, but also to draw. The impulse towards culture, the desire to express and explore the world through imagination and representation is fundamental. In Europe, this desire has found fulfillment in the masterpieces of our music, art, literature and theatre. These masterpieces are the touchstones for all our efforts; they are the touchstones for the possibilities to which human thought and imagination may aspire; they carry the most profound messages that can be sent from one human to another.

(參考譯文)聆聽歌劇,無疑昂貴至極。但是,昂貴的事物并非必定屬于富人的范疇,除非我們放棄社會的選擇權。我們可以選擇去使歌劇以及其他某些昂貴的文化形式也能為那些不具備個人支付能力的人所享受。但問題是,我們有必要這么做嗎?沒人會否認食物、居所、防護、健康與教育的不可或缺性。但即便是在史前時代的洞穴中,人類伸出手來,早就不單純是為了吃、喝或搏殺,而且亦進行繪畫創作。人類對于文化的沖動,通過形象思維和再現手段來表現并探索世界的欲望,乃亙古有之。在歐洲,這一欲望在我們的音樂、藝術、文學和戲劇杰作中尋找到了其實現形式。這些杰作構成了我們全部努力的試金石。作為試金石,它們能衡量出人類的思想和想象力所可能企及的程度。它們攜帶著最寓意深刻的主題,可在人類彼此間相互傳遞。

5、原 文
  我們代表團下榻日月潭中信大飯店,送走了最后一批客人,已是次日凌晨3點了。我躺在床上久久不能入睡,披衣走到窗前,往外看去,只見四周峰巒疊翠,湖面波光粼粼。望著臺灣這僅有的景色如畫的天然湖泊,我想了許多,許多…… 

  這次到臺灣訪問交流,雖然行程匆匆,但是,看了不少地方,訪了舊友,交了新知,大家走到一起,談論的一個重要話題就是中華民族在21世紀的強盛。雖然祖國大陸、臺灣的青年生活在不同的社會環境中,有著各自不同的生活經歷,但大家的內心都深深銘刻著中華文化優秀傳統的印記,都擁有著振興中華民族的共同理想。在世紀之交的偉大時代,我們的祖國正在走向繁榮富強,海峽兩岸人民也將加強交流,共同推進祖國統一大業的早日完成。世紀之交的寶貴機遇和巨大挑戰將青年推到了歷史前臺。跨世紀青年一代應該用什么樣的姿態迎接充滿希望的新世紀,這是我們必須回答的問題。 

  日月潭水波不興,仿佛與我一同在思索…… 

(參考譯文)Our delegation checked into the ZhongXin Hotel by the side of the Riyuetai Lake. It was already 3 o’clock early the next morning by the time I saw off the last group of guests. For a long time, I could not fall asleep, even though I was comfortably lying in the bed. Putting on my clothes again, I got off the bed and walked to the window. Extending my eyes into the distance through the window, I was greeted by the view of the surrounding mountains and hills shrouded in layered greenness and the silvery flickering of waves scuttling across the surface of the Pool. Looking at the sole naturally-formed picturesque lake in Taiwan, I felt an infinite train of thoughts passing through my mind … … 

  The current visit to Taiwan for exchange, brief and cursory as it is, has enabled us to see many places, to visit old friends while making new acquaintances. Whenever people gather together, an important topic of discussion has been how the Chinese nation can become prosperous and powerful in the 21st century. Although the young people on the Mainland and in Taiwan live in different social contexts (environments / milieus), with their individually different experiences of life, in the innermost recesses of their hearts are wrought an indelible mark by the fine traditions of the Chinese culture. They all cherish the same ideal to rejuvenate the Chinese nation (They share the same ideal to rejuvenate the Chinese nation). In this great epoch at the turn of the century, our motherland is developing toward greater prosperity and powerfulness. People across the Taiwan Straits are bound to strengthen their exchanges and will mutually promote the earliest possible achievement of the great cause of reunification of the motherland. The precious opportunities and the tremendous challenges at the turn of the century have pushed the young people to the foreground (forefront) of the historical arena (stage). At this transitional phase between the two millennia, in what way the young generation should embrace the forthcoming new century replete with hopes is a question to which we have to seek an answer. 

  In the Riyuetai Lake, the waves across the lake surface have by now all vanished. Enveloped in utter tranquility, the Lake has joined me in deep thoughts … …

6、原 文
  I agree to some extent with my imaginary English reader. American literary historians are perhaps prone to view their own national scene too narrowly, mistaking prominence for uniqueness. They do over-phrase their own literature, or certainly its minor figures. And Americans do swing from aggressive overphrase of their literature to an equally unfortunate, imitative deference. But then, the English themselves are somewhat insular in their literary appraisals. Moreover, in fields where they are not pre-eminent - e. g. in painting and music -they too alternate between boasting of native products and copying those of the Continent. How many English paintings try to look as though they were done in Paris; how many times have we read in articles that they really represent an "English tradition" after all. 

  To speak of American literature, then, is not to assert that it is completely unlike that of Europe. Broadly speaking, America and Europe have kept step. At any given moment the traveler could find examples in both of the same architecture, the same styles in dress, the same books on the shelves. Ideas have crossed the Atlantic as freely as men and merchandise, though sometimes more slowly. When I refer to American habit, thoughts, etc., I intend some sort of qualification to precede the word, for frequently the difference between America and Europe (especially England) will be one of degree, sometimes only of a small degree. The amount of divergence is a subtle affair, liable to perplex the Englishman when he looks at America. He is looking at a country which in important senses grew out of his own, which in several ways still resembles his own - and which is yet a foreign country. There are odd overlappings and abrupt unfamiliarities; kinship yields to a sudden alienation, as when we hail a person across the street, only to discover from his blank response that we have mistaken a stranger for a friend. 

(參考譯文)  在某種程度上,我贊同我那假想中的英國讀者的觀點。美國文學史家或許慣于過分狹隘地看待其本國文壇,誤將卓著當作獨特。他們確實會用過多的筆墨來渲染其本國文學,至少,對其次要作家他們肯定會這樣做。此外,美國人確實會走極端,要么咄咄逼人地大肆渲染其文學,要么進行著同樣不幸的亦步亦趨式的頂禮膜拜。但反過來說,英國人自己在其文學鑒賞中也顯得有些狹隘愚陋。此外,在他們并無上乘表現的領域--例如繪畫與音樂,他們也會走極端,不是吹噓他們本國的作品,就是大肆模仿歐洲大陸的作品。有多少幅英國繪畫試圖看上去仿佛是在巴黎完成的;但我們又有多少次曾在文章中讀到它們真正代表著一種"英國式的傳統"呢? 

  那么,要談論美國文學,倒并非意欲斷言,它與歐洲文學全然大相徑庭。廣而言之,美國與歐洲一直同步發展,協調一致。在任何一個特定的時刻,旅行者在兩地均能目睹同一樣式的建筑實例,相同款式的服飾,書架上相同的書籍。在大西洋兩岸,思想如同人員與貨物往來一樣自由交流,盡管有時會略顯遲緩。當我提及美國式的習慣、思想等概念時,我意欲在"美國式的"這一詞匯之前加上某種限定,因為歐美(尤其是英美)之間的差異往往只是程度上的差異而已,并且有時候僅僅只是微乎其微的一點程度差異而已。差異的多寡是件極為微妙的事務,這極容易使一個英國人在審視美國時大惑不解。他所審視的那個國家,從某些重要的意義上來說,誕生于他自己的國家,并在某些方面仍與他自己的國家相差無幾--然而,它卻實實在在是一個異邦。兩者間存在著某些古怪的交替重迭,以及令人甚感突兀的陌生感;親緣關系已讓位于一種突如其來的異化與疏遠,這種情景仿佛就像我們隔著馬路向另一個人打招呼,結果卻從這個人漠無表情的反應中發現,我們原來竟然錯將生人當成了熟人。
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