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作者:未知 文章來源:互聯網 點擊數: 更新時間:2007-09-05 14:20:53

The consonants not listed below (b, f, m, n, v) are pronounced as in English. The approximate English equivalents are as follows:

c before a, o, and u is like the English k.

ItalianEnglish
casahouse
ficofig
conwith
ColesseoColosseum
capohead
CupidoCupid
canedog
cameracamera
caffècoffee
cullacradle

c before e or i is like the English sound ch in chest.

ItalianEnglish
cenasupper
vocevoice
cibofood
concertoconcert
acetovinegar
cinemacinema
cipollaonion
facileeasy

ch (found only before e or i) is like the English k.

ItalianEnglish
chethat
chimicachemistry
perchébecause
fichifigs
chilokilo
chiwho
chiusoclosed
anchealso

d is somewhat more explosive than in English, with the tongue near the tip of the upper teeth but with no aspiration.

ItalianEnglish
diof
datadate
dovewhere
duetwo
denaromoney
dodicitwelve
donnawoman
lunedìMonday
modafashion
undicieleven

g before a, o, and u is as in the English word go.

ItalianEnglish
galagala
albergohotel
gondolagondola
gambaleg
gustotaste
fungomushroom
gonnaskirt
gommaeraser
lungolong
guantigloves
guidareto drive
linguatongue

g before e or i is like the g in gem.

ItalianEnglish
gelatoice cream
angeloangel
paginapage
gentepeople
gessochalk
gentilekind
gitaouting
gennaioJanuary

gh (found only before e or i) is like the g in go.

ItalianEnglish
ghettoghetto
fungheescapes
laghilakes
maghimagicians

gli is approximately like ll in million.

ItalianEnglish
eglihe
megliobetter
figlisons
famigliafamily
mogliwives
agliogarlic
foglisheets (of paper)
bottigliabottle

gn is approximately like ny in canyon.

ItalianEnglish
signoralady
lavagnablackboard
signoregentleman
bagnobath
signorinayoung lady
sognodream
lasagnelasagna
spugnasponge

h is silent.

ItalianEnglish
hoI have
hotelhotel
hahas
ahi!ouch!
hannothey have

l is as in English, but sharper and more forward in the mouth.

ItalianEnglish
oliooil
lingualanguage
salesalt
lungolong
melonemelon
lunamoon
scuolaschool
lightlight

p is as in English, but without the aspiration that sometimes accompanies this sound in English.

ItalianEnglish
panebread
patatapotato
pepepepper
papàdad
poponemelon
pontebridge
pipapipe
puntoperiod
pastomeal
pronunciapronunciation
AlpiAlps
psicologopsychologist

qu is always pronounced like the English qu in quest.

ItalianEnglish
questothis
quintofifth
qualewhich
quartofourth
quantohow much
quantitàquantity
quadropicture
qualitàquality

r is different from the English r. it is pronounced with one flip of the tongue against the gums of the upper teeth. This is the trilled r.

ItalianEnglish
oranow
tenoretenor
albergohotel
baritonobaritone
arteart
orologiowatch
portadoor
sardinasardine

s is sometimes like the English s in house.

ItalianEnglish
soggiornoliving room
testahead
stanzaroom
festaparty. holiday
postamail
stufatostew
pastapasta. dough. pastry
pistatrack

s is sometimes (but always before b, d, g, l, m, n, r, and v) like the English s in rose.

ItalianEnglish
rosarose
tesorotreasure
frasephrase
sveltoquick
sbagliomistake
esercizioexercise
musicamusic
sgridareto scold
susinaplum
sbadatocareless

sc before a, o, or u is like sk in ask.

ItalianEnglish
ascoltareto listen
scuolaschool
pescapeach
tascapocket
toscanoTuscan
scaloppinecutlets
scarpashoe
sculturasculpture
discodisk. record
scopopurpose

sc before e or i is like the English sound sh in fish.

ItalianEnglish
finiscefinishes
sciski
pescefish
conoscereto know
scenascene
scendereto descend
uscitaexit
usciodoor

sch occurs only before e or i, and is pronounced like the English sk.

ItalianEnglish
peschepeaches
taschepockets
dischidisks. records
scheletroskeleton
fiaschiflasks
lischefishbones

t is approximately the same as in English, but no escaping of breath accompanies it in Italian.

ItalianEnglish
contentoglad
cartapaper
arteart
matitapencil
turistatourist
antipastoappetizer
telefonotelephone
testahead

z is sometimes voiceless, like ts is bets.

ItalianEnglish
pizzapizza
negoziostore
marzoMarch
VeneziaVenice
graziethank you
dizionariodictionary

z is sometimes voiced, like ds in beds.

ItalianEnglish
zerozero
zebrazebra
pranzolunch
zelozeal
romanzonovel
zanzaramosquito

Note:

When ci, gi, and sci are followed by a, o, or u, unless the accent falls on the i, the i is not pronounced. The letter i merely indicates that c, g, and sc are pronounced, respectively, like the English ch, g (as in gem), and sh.

ItalianEnglish
aranciaorange
giornalenewspaper
ciliegiacherry
ciaoso long
salsicciasausage
camiciashirt
lasciareto leave
scienzascience

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