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作者:未知 文章來源:互聯網 點擊數: 更新時間:2007-09-05 14:20:56

In Italian, all consonants except h can be doubled. Double consonants (i consonanti doppie) are pronounced much more forcefully than single consonants. With double f, l, m, n, r, s, and v, the sound is prolonged. with double b, c, d, g, p, and t, the stop is stronger than for the single consonant. Double z is pronounced almost the same as single z. Double s is always unvoiced.

Double consonant examples:

ItalianEnglish
babbodad
fettaslice
evvivahurrah
bisteccabeefsteak
mammamama
albicoccaapricot
bellobeautiful
filettofilet
annoyear
assaia lot
bassoshort
ragazzoboy
ferroiron
pennellopaint brush
espressoespresso coffee
tavolozzapalette
spaghettispaghetti
cavallettoeasel

Most Italian words end in a vowel.

Diphthongs (i dittonghi) are two vowels fused to emit a single sound. A diphthong is formed when an unstressed i or u combines with another vowel (a, e, o) or when the two vowels combine with each other, in which case either the i or u may remain unstressed. In diphthongs, unstressed i and u become semivowels approximating in sound the English consonants y and w, respectively.

Diphthong examples:

ItalianEnglish
ieriyesterday
buonogood
fioreflower
chiusoclosed
invidiaenvy
piùmore

Tripthongs also exist. These are sequences of three vowels with a single sound, usually a diphthong followed by an unstressed i.

ItalianEnglish
tuoiyours
mieimine
buoioxen
pigliaiI took

Italian has numerous words that contain sequences of vowels. The following words are not triphthongs (which are infrequent), but sequences of a vowel and a diphthong.

ItalianEnglish
noiaboredom
febbraioFebruary
baiabay
fioraioflorist

Each of the words below has a sequence of two diphthongs:

ItalianEnglish
ghiaiagravel
muoioI die
acquaiosink
gioiellojewel

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